Massachusetts 27th Infantry Regiment

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Listed below are some of the battles in which the Massachusetts 27th Infantry Regiment was involved in:

Roanoke Island
Other Name(s): Fort Huger
Location: Dare County
Campaign: Burnside's North Carolina Expedition (January-July 1862)
Date(s): February 7-8, 1862
Principal Commanders: Brig. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside [US]; Brig. Gen. Henry Wise [CS]
Forces Engaged: 10,500 total (US 7,500; CS 3,000)
Estimated Casualties: 2,817 total (US 235; CS 2,582)
Description: On February 7, Brig. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside landed 7,500 men on the southwestern side of Roanoke Island in an amphibious operation launched from Fort Monroe. The next morning, supported by gunboats, the Federals assaulted the Confederate forts on the narrow waist of the island, driving back and out-maneuvering Brig. Gen. Henry Wise's outnumbered command. After losing less than 100 men, the Confederate commander on the field, Col. H.M. Shaw, surrendered 2,675 soldiers and 32 guns. Burnside had secured an important outpost on the Atlantic Coast, tightening the blockade.
Results: Union victory

New Berne
Other Name(s): None
Location: Craven County
Campaign: Burnside's North Carolina Expedition (January-July 1862)
Date(s): March 14, 1862
Principal Commanders: Brig. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside [US]; Brig. Gen. Lawrence O'B. Branch [CS]
Forces Engaged: Expeditionary Force and Foster's, Reno's, and Parke's Brigades [US]; 5 regiments, militia [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 1,080 total
Description: On March 11, Brig. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's command embarked from Roanoke Island to rendezvous with Union gunboats at Hatteras Inlet for an expedition against New Berne. On March 13, the fleet sailed up the Neuse River and disembarked infantry on the river's south bank to approach the New Berne defenses. The Confederate defense was commanded by Brig. Gen. Lawrence Branch. On March 14, John G. Foster's, Jesse Reno's, and John G. Parke's brigades attacked along the railroad and after four hours of fighting drove the Confederates out of their fortifications. The Federals captured nine forts and 41 heavy guns and occupied a base which they would hold to the end of the war, in spite of several Confederate attempts to recover the town.
Results: Union victory

Drewry's Bluff
Other Name(s): Fort Darling
Location: Chesterfield County
Campaign: Peninsula Campaign (March-August 1862)
Date(s): May 15, 1862
Principal Commanders: Cdr. John Rodgers [US]; Cdr. E. Farrand, Brig. Gen. William Mahone, Capt. S. S. Lee, and Lt. John Taylor Wood [CS]
Forces Engaged: 5 gunboats [US]; battery garrison [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 41 total
Description: With the fall of Yorktown, the Confederate ironclad Virginia at Norfolk was scuttled to prevent her capture. This opened the James River to Federal gunboats. On May 15, five gunboats, including the ironclads Monitor, Galena, and Stevens Battery steamed up the James to test the Richmond defenses. They encountered submerged obstacles and deadly accurate fire from the batteries at Drewry's Bluff, which inflicted severe damage on Galena. The Federal Navy was turned back.
Results: Confederate victory

Gaines' Mill
Other Name(s): None
Location: Wayne County
Campaign: Goldsborough Expedition (December 1862)
Date(s): December 17, 1862
Principal Commanders: Brig. Gen. John G. Foster [US]; Brig. Gen. Thomas Clingman [CS]
Forces Engaged: Department of North Carolina, 1st Division [US]; Clingman's Brigade [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 220 total
Description: On December 17, Foster's expedition reached the railroad near Everettsville and began destroying the tracks north toward the Goldsborough Bridge. Clingman's Confederate brigade delayed the advance but was unable to prevent the destruction of the bridge. His mission accomplished, Foster returned to New Berne where he arrived on the 20th.
Results: Union victory

Other Name(s): None
Location: Beaufort County
Campaign: Longstreet's Tidewater Operations (February-May 1863)
Date(s): March 30-April 20, 1863
Principal Commanders: Brig. Gen. John G. Foster [US]; Maj. Gen. D.H. Hill [CS]
Forces Engaged: 6 regiments and artillery units [US]; Hill's Division [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 100 total
Description: While Longstreet operated against Suffolk, D.H. Hill's column moved against the Federal garrison of Washington, North Carolina. By March 30, the town was ringed with fortifications, but the Confederates were unable to shut off supplies and reinforcements arriving by ship. After a week of confusion and mismanagement, Hill was maneuvered out of his siegeworks and withdrew on April 15.
Results: Inconclusive (Confederates withdrew.)

Port Walthall Junction
Other Name(s): None
Location: Chesterfield County
Campaign: Bermuda Hundred Campaign (May-June 1864)
Date(s): May 6-7, 1864
Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler [US]; Brig. Gen. Johnson Hagood [CS]
Forces Engaged: Divisions
Estimated Casualties: 550 total
Description: In conjunction with the opening of Grant's Overland Campaign, Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler's Army of the James, 33,000 strong, disembarked from transports at Bermuda Hundred on May 5, threatening the Richmond-Petersburg Railroad. On June 6, Hagood's brigade stopped initial Federal probes at Port Walthall Junction. On May 7, a Union division drove Hagood's and Johnson's brigades from the depot and cut the railroad at Port Walthall Junction. Confederate defenders retired behind Swift Run Creek and awaited reinforcements.
Results: Union victory

Cold Harbor
Other Name(s): Second Cold Harbor
Location: Hanover County
Campaign: Grant's Overland Campaign (May-June 1864)
Date(s): May 31-June 12, 1864
Principal Commanders: Lt. Gen. U.S. Grant and Maj. Gen. G.G. Meade [US]; Gen. Robert E. Lee [CS]
Forces Engaged: 170,000 total (US 108,000; CS 62,000)
Estimated Casualties: 14,500 total (US 12,000; CS 2,500)
Description: On May 31, Sheridan's cavalry seized the vital crossroads of Old Cold Harbor. Relying heavily on their new repeating carbines and shallow entrenchments, Sheridan's troopers threw back several attacks by Confederate cavalry. Both sides dug in during the night. Confederate reinforcements arrived from Richmond and from the Totopotomoy Creek lines. On June 1, the Union VI and XVIII Corps reached Cold Harbor and assaulted the Confederate works with some success. By June 2, both armies were on the field, forming on a five-mile front that extended from Bethesda Church to the Chickahominy River. At dawn June 3, the II, VI, and XVIII Corps assaulted along the Bethesda Church-Cold Harbor line and were slaughtered at all points. Grant commented in his memoirs that this was the only attack he wished he had never ordered. The armies confronted each other on these lines until night of June 12, when Grant again advanced by his left flank, marching to James River at Windmill Point. On June 14, the II Corps was ferried across the river at Wilcox's Landing by transports. On June 15, the rest of the army began crossing on a 2,200-foot long pontoon bridge. Abandoning the well-defended approaches to Richmond, Grant sought to shift his army quickly south of the river to threaten Petersburg.
Results: Confederate victory

Petersburg II
Other Name(s): Assault on Petersburg
Location: Petersburg
Campaign: Richmond-Petersburg Campaign (June 1864-March 1865)
Date(s): June 15-18, 1864
Principal Commanders: Lt. Gen. U.S. Grant and Maj. Gen. G.G. Meade [US]; Gen. Robert E. Lee and Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard [CS]
Forces Engaged: 104,000 total (US 62,000; CS 42,000)
Estimated Casualties: 11,386 total (US 8,150; CS 3,236)
Description: Marching from Cold Harbor, Meade's Army of the Potomac crossed the James River on transports and a 2,200-foot long pontoon bridge at Windmill Point. Butler's leading elements (XVIII Corps and Kautz's cavalry) crossed the Appomattox River at Broadway Point and attacked the Petersburg defenses on June 15. The 5,400 defenders of Petersburg under command of Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard were driven from their first line of entrenchments back to Harrison Creek. After dark the XVIII Corps was relieved by the II Corps. On June 16, the II Corps captured another section of the Confederate line; on the 17th, the IX Corps gained more ground. Beauregard stripped the Howlett Line (Bermuda Hundred) to defend the city, and Lee rushed reinforcements to Petersburg from the Army of Northern Virginia. The II, XI, and V Corps from right to left attacked on June 18 but was repulsed with heavy casualties. By now the Confederate works were heavily manned and the greatest opportunity to capture Petersburg without a siege was lost. The siege of Petersburg began. Union general James St. Clair Morton, chief engineer of the IX Corps, was killed on June 17.
Results: Confederate victory

All information on this page was taken from the Civil War Battle Summaries by Campaign web site maintained by the National Parks Service.

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